The Amazon Jungle in Peru is considered the most bio-diverse place on earth and covers nearly two-thirds of the country at approximately 302,000 sq. miles (783,000 sq. km). Covering the entire eastern side of the country, the Amazon Jungle in Peru is home to some 595 different species of birds, 1,200 types of butterflies, 2,000 species of fish, 300 reptiles, and more than 50,000 plants. Within this large expanse of dense jungle there are two main areas developed for tourism. In the North of Peru from Iquitos, you have direct access to The Amazon River and surrounding jungle, and in the south of Peru near Cusco you have the Manu National Park and the Tambopata National Park. With the growing interest in Eco-Tourism, there are a surprising number of eco-lodges, accommodations and boat trips available, plus a number of adventure activities including hiking and river rafting.